Does trade openness improve environmental quality?

Shunsuke Managi, Akira Hibiki, Tetsuya Tsurumi

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

309 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The literature on trade openness, economic development, and the environment is largely inconclusive about the environmental consequences of trade. This study treats trade and income as endogenous and estimates the overall impact of trade openness on environmental quality using the instrumental variables technique. We find that whether or not trade has a beneficial effect on the environment varies depending on the pollutant and the country. Trade is found to benefit the environment in OECD countries. It has detrimental effects, however, on sulfur dioxide (SO2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions in non-OECD countries, although it does lower biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) emissions in these countries. We also find the impact is large in the long term, after the dynamic adjustment process, although it is small in the short term.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)346-363
ページ数18
ジャーナルJournal of Environmental Economics and Management
58
3
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 11月 2009
外部発表はい

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 経済学、計量経済学
  • マネジメント、モニタリング、政策と法律

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