Objective The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of lenalidomide (Len), with the dose adjusted according to the renal function, plus low-dose dexamethasone (Dex) in older patients with bortezomib (Bor)-resistant multiple myeloma (MM). Methods The study included 68 consecutive patients 70 years of age or older diagnosed with MM at our institute and ineligible for high-dose melphalan therapy plus autologous stem cell transplantation. Fifteen older patients with relapsed or refractory MM (RRMM) previously treated with Bor-containing regimens were treated with the combination of Len plus low-dose Dex. Results The median treatment duration was 12 months (range, 9 to 43 months), with all patients responding to Len plus low-dose Dex. All patients showed significant renal dysfunction between the beginning and end of treatment; however, the renal function improved in all cases. Conclusion Treatment with dose-adjusted Len combined with low-dose Dex is an effective and safe therapy for older RRMM patients exhibiting renal impairment after receiving Bor-based therapies.
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