Downregulation of Endothelial Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid Type 4 Channel and Small-Conductance of Ca 2+ -Activated K + Channels Underpins Impaired Endothelium-Dependent Hyperpolarization in Hypertension

Takunori Seki, Kenichi Goto, Kanako Kiyohara, Yasuo Kansui, Noboru Murakami, Yoshie Haga, Toshio Ohtsubo, Kiyoshi Matsumura, Takanari Kitazono

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

23 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

Endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization (EDH)-mediated responses are impaired in hypertension, but the underlying mechanisms have not yet been determined. The activation of small- and intermediate-conductance of Ca 2+ -activated K + channels (SK Ca and IK Ca) underpins EDH-mediated responses. It was recently reported that Ca 2+ influx through endothelial transient receptor potential vanilloid type 4 channel (TRPV4) is a prerequisite for the activation of SK Ca /IK Ca in endothelial cells in specific beds. Here, we attempted to determine whether the impairment of EDH in hypertension is attributable to the dysfunction of TRPV4 and S/IK Ca, using isolated superior mesenteric arteries of 20-week-old stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) and age-matched Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. In the WKY arteries, EDH-mediated responses were reduced by a combination of SK Ca /IK Ca blockers (apamin plus TRAM-34; 1-[(2-chlorophenyl)diphenylmethl]-1H-pyrazole) and by the blockade of TRPV4 with the selective antagonist RN-1734 or HC-067047. In the SHRSP arteries, EDH-mediated hyperpolarization and relaxation were significantly impaired when compared with WKY. GSK1016790A, a selective TRPV4 activator, evoked robust hyperpolarization and relaxation in WKY arteries. In contrast, in SHRSP arteries, the GSK1016790A-evoked hyperpolarization was small and relaxation was absent. Hyperpolarization and relaxation to cyclohexyl-[2-(3,5-dimethyl-pyrazol-1-yl)-6-methyl-pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine, a selective SK Ca activator, were marginally decreased in SHRSP arteries compared with WKY arteries. The expression of endothelial TRPV4 and SK Ca protein was significantly decreased in the SHRSP mesenteric arteries compared with those of WKY, whereas function and expression of IK Ca were preserved in SHRSP arteries. These findings suggest that EDH-mediated responses are impaired in superior mesenteric arteries of SHRSP because of a reduction in both TRPV4 and SK Ca input to EDH.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)143-153
ページ数11
ジャーナルHypertension
69
発行部数1
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 1 1 2017

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TRPV Cation Channels
Endothelium
Down-Regulation
Arteries
Hypertension
Superior Mesenteric Artery
Apamin
Mesenteric Arteries
Inbred WKY Rats
Inbred SHR Rats
Amines
Endothelial Cells
Stroke

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine

これを引用

Downregulation of Endothelial Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid Type 4 Channel and Small-Conductance of Ca 2+ -Activated K + Channels Underpins Impaired Endothelium-Dependent Hyperpolarization in Hypertension. / Seki, Takunori; Goto, Kenichi; Kiyohara, Kanako; Kansui, Yasuo; Murakami, Noboru; Haga, Yoshie; Ohtsubo, Toshio; Matsumura, Kiyoshi; Kitazono, Takanari.

:: Hypertension, 巻 69, 番号 1, 01.01.2017, p. 143-153.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

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abstract = "Endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization (EDH)-mediated responses are impaired in hypertension, but the underlying mechanisms have not yet been determined. The activation of small- and intermediate-conductance of Ca 2+ -activated K + channels (SK Ca and IK Ca) underpins EDH-mediated responses. It was recently reported that Ca 2+ influx through endothelial transient receptor potential vanilloid type 4 channel (TRPV4) is a prerequisite for the activation of SK Ca /IK Ca in endothelial cells in specific beds. Here, we attempted to determine whether the impairment of EDH in hypertension is attributable to the dysfunction of TRPV4 and S/IK Ca, using isolated superior mesenteric arteries of 20-week-old stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) and age-matched Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. In the WKY arteries, EDH-mediated responses were reduced by a combination of SK Ca /IK Ca blockers (apamin plus TRAM-34; 1-[(2-chlorophenyl)diphenylmethl]-1H-pyrazole) and by the blockade of TRPV4 with the selective antagonist RN-1734 or HC-067047. In the SHRSP arteries, EDH-mediated hyperpolarization and relaxation were significantly impaired when compared with WKY. GSK1016790A, a selective TRPV4 activator, evoked robust hyperpolarization and relaxation in WKY arteries. In contrast, in SHRSP arteries, the GSK1016790A-evoked hyperpolarization was small and relaxation was absent. Hyperpolarization and relaxation to cyclohexyl-[2-(3,5-dimethyl-pyrazol-1-yl)-6-methyl-pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine, a selective SK Ca activator, were marginally decreased in SHRSP arteries compared with WKY arteries. The expression of endothelial TRPV4 and SK Ca protein was significantly decreased in the SHRSP mesenteric arteries compared with those of WKY, whereas function and expression of IK Ca were preserved in SHRSP arteries. These findings suggest that EDH-mediated responses are impaired in superior mesenteric arteries of SHRSP because of a reduction in both TRPV4 and SK Ca input to EDH.",
author = "Takunori Seki and Kenichi Goto and Kanako Kiyohara and Yasuo Kansui and Noboru Murakami and Yoshie Haga and Toshio Ohtsubo and Kiyoshi Matsumura and Takanari Kitazono",
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T1 - Downregulation of Endothelial Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid Type 4 Channel and Small-Conductance of Ca 2+ -Activated K + Channels Underpins Impaired Endothelium-Dependent Hyperpolarization in Hypertension

AU - Seki, Takunori

AU - Goto, Kenichi

AU - Kiyohara, Kanako

AU - Kansui, Yasuo

AU - Murakami, Noboru

AU - Haga, Yoshie

AU - Ohtsubo, Toshio

AU - Matsumura, Kiyoshi

AU - Kitazono, Takanari

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization (EDH)-mediated responses are impaired in hypertension, but the underlying mechanisms have not yet been determined. The activation of small- and intermediate-conductance of Ca 2+ -activated K + channels (SK Ca and IK Ca) underpins EDH-mediated responses. It was recently reported that Ca 2+ influx through endothelial transient receptor potential vanilloid type 4 channel (TRPV4) is a prerequisite for the activation of SK Ca /IK Ca in endothelial cells in specific beds. Here, we attempted to determine whether the impairment of EDH in hypertension is attributable to the dysfunction of TRPV4 and S/IK Ca, using isolated superior mesenteric arteries of 20-week-old stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) and age-matched Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. In the WKY arteries, EDH-mediated responses were reduced by a combination of SK Ca /IK Ca blockers (apamin plus TRAM-34; 1-[(2-chlorophenyl)diphenylmethl]-1H-pyrazole) and by the blockade of TRPV4 with the selective antagonist RN-1734 or HC-067047. In the SHRSP arteries, EDH-mediated hyperpolarization and relaxation were significantly impaired when compared with WKY. GSK1016790A, a selective TRPV4 activator, evoked robust hyperpolarization and relaxation in WKY arteries. In contrast, in SHRSP arteries, the GSK1016790A-evoked hyperpolarization was small and relaxation was absent. Hyperpolarization and relaxation to cyclohexyl-[2-(3,5-dimethyl-pyrazol-1-yl)-6-methyl-pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine, a selective SK Ca activator, were marginally decreased in SHRSP arteries compared with WKY arteries. The expression of endothelial TRPV4 and SK Ca protein was significantly decreased in the SHRSP mesenteric arteries compared with those of WKY, whereas function and expression of IK Ca were preserved in SHRSP arteries. These findings suggest that EDH-mediated responses are impaired in superior mesenteric arteries of SHRSP because of a reduction in both TRPV4 and SK Ca input to EDH.

AB - Endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization (EDH)-mediated responses are impaired in hypertension, but the underlying mechanisms have not yet been determined. The activation of small- and intermediate-conductance of Ca 2+ -activated K + channels (SK Ca and IK Ca) underpins EDH-mediated responses. It was recently reported that Ca 2+ influx through endothelial transient receptor potential vanilloid type 4 channel (TRPV4) is a prerequisite for the activation of SK Ca /IK Ca in endothelial cells in specific beds. Here, we attempted to determine whether the impairment of EDH in hypertension is attributable to the dysfunction of TRPV4 and S/IK Ca, using isolated superior mesenteric arteries of 20-week-old stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) and age-matched Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. In the WKY arteries, EDH-mediated responses were reduced by a combination of SK Ca /IK Ca blockers (apamin plus TRAM-34; 1-[(2-chlorophenyl)diphenylmethl]-1H-pyrazole) and by the blockade of TRPV4 with the selective antagonist RN-1734 or HC-067047. In the SHRSP arteries, EDH-mediated hyperpolarization and relaxation were significantly impaired when compared with WKY. GSK1016790A, a selective TRPV4 activator, evoked robust hyperpolarization and relaxation in WKY arteries. In contrast, in SHRSP arteries, the GSK1016790A-evoked hyperpolarization was small and relaxation was absent. Hyperpolarization and relaxation to cyclohexyl-[2-(3,5-dimethyl-pyrazol-1-yl)-6-methyl-pyrimidin-4-yl]-amine, a selective SK Ca activator, were marginally decreased in SHRSP arteries compared with WKY arteries. The expression of endothelial TRPV4 and SK Ca protein was significantly decreased in the SHRSP mesenteric arteries compared with those of WKY, whereas function and expression of IK Ca were preserved in SHRSP arteries. These findings suggest that EDH-mediated responses are impaired in superior mesenteric arteries of SHRSP because of a reduction in both TRPV4 and SK Ca input to EDH.

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