Background:We previously reported that GTA-446 may be a useful biomarker for early detection of colorectal cancer. In the present study, we confirmed the clinical feasibility of GTA-446 as a screening tool for colorectal cancer with a novel measurement system developed for clinical use. We also improved sensitivity by analysing GTA-446 levels according to gender.Methods:Serum samples were collected from 225 colorectal cancer patients and 916 healthy volunteers to measure GTA-446 levels by flow injection analysis-mass spectrometry.Results:GTA-446 levels were downregulated in colorectal cancer patients compared with the healthy volunteers, and in females compared with the males in both groups. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed an optimal cut-off of 2.72 μmol l '1 in males and 1.87 μmol l '1 in females, with a large area under the curve of 0.89-0.93. The sensitivity and specificity were 90.4% and 84.9% for males, 85.2% and 80.5% for females, and 83.3% and 84.8% for all subjects, respectively.Conclusions:GTA-446 is a clinically relevant biomarker for colorectal cancer with high sensitivity when analysed by gender. Thus, GTA-446 is a promising tool for primary colorectal cancer screening to identify populations at a higher risk of colorectal cancer, with an emphasis on early detection.
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