Dual-spacecraft reconstruction of a three-dimensional magnetic flux rope at the Earth's magnetopause

H. Hasegawa, B. U.Ö. Sonnerup, S. Eriksson, T. K.M. Nakamura, H. Kawano

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

10 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We present the first results of a data analysis method, developed by Sonnerup and Hasegawa (2011), for reconstructing three-dimensional (3-D), magnetohydrostatic structures from data taken as two closely spaced satellites traverse the structures. The method is applied to a magnetic flux transfer event (FTE), which was encountered on 27 June 2007 by at least three (TH-C, TH-D, and TH-E) of the five THEMIS probes near the subsolar magnetopause. The FTE was sandwiched between two oppositely directed reconnection jets under a southward interplanetary magnetic field condition, consistent with its generation by multiple X-line reconnection. The recovered 3-D field indicates that a magnetic flux rope with a diameter of ∼ 3000 km was embedded in the magnetopause. The FTE flux rope had a significant 3-D structure, because the 3-D field reconstructed from the data from TH-C and TH-D (separated by ∼ 390 km) better predicts magnetic field variations actually measured along the TH-E path than does the 2-D Grad-Shafranov reconstruction using the data from TH-C (which was closer to TH-E than TH-D and was at ∼ 1250 km from TH-E). Such a 3-D nature suggests that the field lines reconnected at the two X-lines on both sides of the flux rope are entangled in a complicated way through their interaction with each other. The generation process of the observed 3-D flux rope is discussed on the basis of the reconstruction results and the pitch-angle distribution of electrons observed in and around the FTE.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)169-184
ページ数16
ジャーナルAnnales Geophysicae
33
2
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2月 3 2015

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 天文学と天体物理学
  • 地質学
  • 大気科学
  • 地球惑星科学(その他)
  • 宇宙惑星科学

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