The dynamical behavior of polystyrene-grafted silica nanoparticles dispersed in an atactic polystyrene matrix was studied using x-ray photon correlation spectroscopy. The time-autocorrelation functions were subjected to fitting analyses based on continuous-time random walk models. The nanoparticles exhibited non-Brownian behavior, and as the temperature increased, the crossover from hyperdiffusion to subdiffusion occurred at 1.25Tg, where T g is the glass transition temperature of the matrix polystyrene. Hyperdiffusive behavior is caused by the dynamical heterogeneity of the polymer matrix associated with the glass transition. When the temperature was higher than 1.25Tg, the interaction of the grafted polymers with the polymer matrix became relatively significant, and caused a dramatic change in the dynamical behavior of the nanoparticles.
|ジャーナル||Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 9月 10 2013|
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