Effect of a polybenzimidazole coating on carbon supports for ionomer content optimization in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells

Samindi Madhubha Jayawickrama, Dan Wu, Rei Nakayama, Shota Ishikawa, Xuanchen Liu, Gen Inoue, Tsuyohiko Fujigaya

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

抄録

Optimizing the ionomer/carbon (I/C) ratio in the catalyst layer (CL) of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) is vital for maximizing PEMFC efficiency. In this study, the effect of the I/C ratio for a platinum (Pt) catalyst loaded on a polybenzimidazole (PBI)-coated Vulcan (Vulcan/PBI/Pt) is compared with a conventional Pt catalyst on Vulcan (Vulcan/Pt). Furthermore, this study determines that a CL comprising Vulcan/PBI/Pt with an I/C = 0.2 exhibits the highest maximum power density (750 mW cm−2), while that of a CL having Vulcan/Pt is calculated to be 610 mWcm−2 at I/C = 0.6. Effective interactions between ionomer and the PBI-coated Vulcan enables stable ionomer coating and high proton conductivity, even at very low I/C ratios. At such low I/C ratios, the O2 diffusion coefficient of Vulcan/PBI/Pt CL is improved by 51% when compared to Vulcan/Pt CL with an I/C = 0.6. Cross-sectional scanning electron microscopy images further reveal that Vulcan/PBI/Pt CLs possess better pore connectivity than those of Vulcan/Pt. Hence, it concludes that the proposed PBI coating approach is advantageous and significant breakthrough to fabricate highly efficient CLs by improving both proton conduction and O2 diffusion simultaneously with lower ionomer contents.

本文言語英語
論文番号229855
ジャーナルJournal of Power Sources
496
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 6 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 再生可能エネルギー、持続可能性、環境
  • エネルギー工学および電力技術
  • 物理化学および理論化学
  • 電子工学および電気工学

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