In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of aging on the absorption of small peptides in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Three kinds of dipeptides, glycyl-sarcosine (Gly-Sar), Trp-His, and captopril (a dipeptidomimetic drug), a Gly-Sar-Sar tripeptide, a Gly-Sar-Sar-Sar tetrapeptide, and a Gly-Sar-Sar-Sar-Sar pentapeptide were administered at doses of 10 mg/kg each to 8- and 40-week-old SHRs. The peptides were all detected in their intact forms in the blood. There was a significantly promoted absorption of di/tripeptides in aged SHRs compared with young SHRs. In contrast, the absorption of tetra/pentapeptides was not affected by aging. PepT1 expression in the mid-jejunum was significantly increased in 40-week-old SHRs compared with 8-week-old SHRs, whereas aging did not alter the expression of claudin-1, a tight junction related protein. Thus, the present results suggest that SHR aging may enhance the absorption of di/tripeptides through the enhanced PepT1 transport route, although oligopeptides may be absorbed in an age-independent manner.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 化学 (全般)