Effect of hydrogen environment on the separation of Fe grain boundaries

Shuai Wang, May L. Martin, Ian M. Robertson, Petros Sofronis

    研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

    77 被引用数 (Scopus)


    A density-functional theory based empirical potential was used to explore the energies of different types of Fe grain boundaries and free surfaces in thermodynamic equilibrium with a hydrogen environment. The classical model for calculating the ideal work of separation with solute atoms is extended to account for every trapping site. This yields the lowest-energy structures at different hydrogen chemical potentials (or gas pressures). At hydrogen gas pressures lower than 1000 atm, the reduction of the reversible work of separation is less than 33% and it increases to 36% at a gas pressure of 5000 atm. Near the hydride formation limit, 5 × 104 atm, the reduction is 44%. Based on the magnitude of these reductions for complete decohesion, and accounting for experimental observations of the microstructure associated with hydrogen-induced intergranular fracture of Fe, it is posited that hydrogen-enhanced plasticity and attendant effects establish the local conditions responsible for the transition in fracture mode from transgranular to intergranular. The conclusion is reached that intergranular failure occurs by a reduction of the cohesive energy but with contributions from structural as well as compositional changes in the grain boundary that are driven by hydrogen-enhanced plasticity processes.

    ジャーナルActa Materialia
    出版ステータス出版済み - 4月 1 2016

    !!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
    • セラミックおよび複合材料
    • ポリマーおよびプラスチック
    • 金属および合金


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