To reproduce homogeneous flow fields above urban-like turbulent boundary layers in computational fluid dynamics (CFD), numerous CFDs with a limited numerical domain employ periodic boundary conditions in both lateral directions with artificial momentum provision to maintain airflows. Although such artificial momentum sources are clearly different from the momentum provision in windtunnel experiments, the effects of these numerical conditions on the airflow in the boundary layer are not well studied. In this paper, therefore, we investigate how the momentum provision differentiates the vertical Reynolds stress and turbulent kinetic energy profiles using large-eddy simulations of airflows over cubical block arrays.
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