The aim of the present study was to investigate effects of isolation at an early age on behavioral and physiological responses of chickens to an isolation challenge at two weeks of age. Birds were assigned to a control group or to one of three treatments where chicks were isolated for 5 min per day. The groups were 1) no isolation (control); 2) early isolation (EI; 2 to 4 days of age); 3) late isolation (LI; 5 to 7 days of age); or 4) full isolation (FI; 2 to 7 days of age). All groups of chicks were challenged with isolation for 5 min at two weeks of age, with distress vocalizations (DV), stepping and jumping behavior measured. Hypothalamic and blood samples were collected at the end of isolation challenges. There were no significant differences between groups in body weight gain at 2 weeks of age. Latency of jump was lower in the LI group compared with the control group, but DV and number of steps were not affected by isolation treatment during the neonatal period. There were no significant differences among groups in plasma glucose or FFA concentrations. Gene expression for hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing hormone, was lower in the EI than the control group, with no differences in expression between control and LI or control and FI groups. There were no significant differences among groups in the expression of arginine vasotocin, thyrotropin-releasing hormone, neuropeptide Y, proopiomelanocortin, and orexin genes. These results suggest that isolation in the first week of life may affect responses to isolation of chicks when they are older, and that there may be a critical period of several days for this effect to occur.
|ジャーナル||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology -Part A : Molecular and Integrative Physiology|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 12月 2022|
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