Objective The polymorphism of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2), denoted ALDH2*2, is very common in East Asian countries, and the mutated ALDH2 protein derived from ALDH2*2 lacks the ability of acetaldehyde metabolization. Our aim was to determine the consequences of the ALDH2 polymorphism on ethanol-administered liver tissue. Methods Aldh2+/+, +/-, and -/- mice were fed with ethanol solution and standard hard feed for 5 weeks. Results The serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level in the Aldh2-/- mice clearly decreased upon ethanol feeding, in contrast to Aldh2+/+ mice, in which the ALT level was unchanged. The levels of malondialdehyde, phospho extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha in the liver tissue all correlated with the ALT level. Conclusion These findings suggest that ethanol intake in the presence of inactive ALDH2 decreases the serum ALT level following a decrease in oxidative stress and tumor necrosis factor-alpha secretion.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology