The growth of ultrananocrystalline diamond/nonhydrogenated amorphous carbon composite films was realized by pulsed laser deposition with a graphite target in a nitrogen atmosphere totally excluding hydrogen. The existence of 7 nm diamond grains was confirmed by X-ray diffraction. Nitrogen incorporation into the films was confirmed by X-ray photoemission and near-edge X-ray absorption structure spectroscopies, and the nitrogenation produced n-type conduction with an electrical conductivity of 0.2-1 cm-1 at 300 K. The results of study proved that nitrogen acts as a reactive gas for the formation of diamond grains, similarly to hydrogen.
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