Antioxidant enzymes are essential proteins that maintain cell proliferation potential by protecting against oxidative stress. They are present in many organisms including harmful algal bloom (HAB) species. We previously identified the antioxidant enzyme 2-Cys peroxiredoxin (PRX) in the raphidophyte Chattonella marina. This enzyme specifically decomposes a hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). PRX is the only antioxidant enzyme so far identified in C. marina. This study used mRNA-seq, using Trinity assemble and blastx for annotation, to identify a further five antioxidant enzymes from C. marina: Cu Zn superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn-SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), catalase (CAT), ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and thioredoxin (TRX). In the gene expression analysis of six enzymes (Cu/Zn-SOD, GPX, CAT, APX, TRX and PRX) using light-acclimated (100 μmol photons m−2 s−1) C. marina cells, only PRX gene expression levels were significantly increased by strong light irradiation (1000 μmol photons m−2 s−1). H2O2 concentration and scavenging activity were also increased and significantly positively correlated with PRX gene expression levels. In dark-acclimated cells, expression levels of all antioxidant enzymes except APX were significantly increased by light irradiation (100 μmol photons m−2 s−1). Expression decreased the following day, with the exception of PRX expression. With the exception of CAT, gene expression of antioxidant enzymes was not significantly induced by artificial H2O2 treatment, although average gene expression levels were slightly increased in some enzymes. Thus, we suggest that light is the main trigger of gene expression, but the resultant oxidative stress is also a possible factor affecting the gene expression of antioxidant enzymes in C. marina.
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