Effects of martensitic transformability and dynamic strain age hardenability on plasticity in metastable austenitic steels containing carbon

Takuro Ogawa, Motomichi Koyama, Cemal Cem Tasan, Kaneaki Tsuzaki, Hiroshi Noguchi

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

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We investigated the effects of solute carbon concentration on the mechanical properties of Fe–19Cr–8Ni–0.05C and Fe–19Cr–8Ni–0.14C metastable austenitic steels. These steels showed an FCC(γ) → HCP(ε) → BCC(α′) martensitic transformation, resulting in transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP). The presence of excess solute carbon reduced the transformability because of an increase in the austenite stability. However, the work hardening capability was enhanced by a combined effect of the TRIP and dynamic strain aging (DSA). DSA requires a high diffusivity of carbon. Thus, the FCC (low diffusivity) to BCC (high diffusivity) transformation favors DSA. The hardening capability of BCC-martensite per volume is enhanced by the dislocation pinning and solution hardening effect of the carbon atmosphere, despite a decrease in the transformation rate per strain by carbon addition. Moreover, carbon addition stabilizes the deformation-induced HCP-martensite against the BCC-martensite, improving the hardening capability of the HCP-martensite through suppression of the window effect, which affects the plastic accommodation mechanism. According to our study, the steel with a low carbon content demonstrated extraordinary work hardening rates owing to a high transformation rate per strain. In contrast, the steel with a high carbon content showed sustained and high work hardening rates because of DSA. Both the steels showed approximately the same tensile strength, but completely different work hardening behavior.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)7868-7882
ページ数15
ジャーナルJournal of Materials Science
52
発行部数13
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 7 1 2017

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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