A research subject in structural engineering is the problem of vibration under a loading object. The two-dimensional (2D) model of a structure under loading is an example. In general, this case uses an object that is given a random frequency, which then causes various changes in shape depending on the frequency model. To determine the difference in performance by looking at the different forms of each mode, modal analysis with ANSYS was used. The samples to be simulated were metal plates with three variations of the model, namely, a virgin metal plate without any holes or stiffness, plates with given holes, and metal plates with stiffness on one side. The model was simulated with modal analysis, so that 20 natural frequencies were recorded. The sample also used different materials: low-carbon steel materials (AISI 304), marine materials (AISI 1090), and ice-class materials (AR 235). Several random-frequency models proved the deformation of different objects. Variations of sheet-metal designs were applied, such as pure sheet metal, giving holes to the sides, and stiffening the simulated metal sheet.
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