Effects of self-efficacy on oral health behaviours and gingival health in university students aged 18- or 19-years-old

Shinsuke Mizutani, Daisuke Ekuni, Michiko Furuta, Takaaki Tomofuji, Koichiro Irie, Tetsuji Azuma, Azusa Kojima, Jun Nagase, Yoshiaki Iwasaki, Manabu Morita

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

25 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

Aim Although self-efficacy is known to affect various health-related practises, few studies have clearly examined how self-efficacy correlates with oral health behaviors or the oral health condition. We examined the relationship between gingivitis, oral health behaviors and self-efficacy in university students. Material & Methods A total of 2,111 students (1,197 males, 914 females) aged 18 and 19 years were examined. The degree of gingivitis was expressed as the percentage of bleeding on probing (%BOP). Additional information was collected via a questionnaire regarding oral health behaviors (daily frequency of tooth-brushing, use of dental floss and regular check-up). Self-efficacy was assessed using the Self-Efficacy Scale for Self-care (SESS). Path analysis was used to test pathways from self-efficacy to oral health behaviors and %BOP. Results In the final structural model, self-efficacies were related to each other, and they affected oral health behaviors. Good oral health behaviors reduced dental plaque and calculus, and lower levels of dental plaque and calculus resulted in lower %BOP. Conclusion Higher self-efficacy correlated with better oral health behaviours and gingival health in university students. Improving self-efficacy may be beneficial for maintaining good gingival health in university students. To prevent gingivitis, the approach of enhancing self-efficacy in university students would be useful.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)844-849
ページ数6
ジャーナルJournal of Clinical Periodontology
39
発行部数9
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 9 1 2012

Fingerprint

Health Behavior
Oral Health
Self Efficacy
Students
Health
Gingivitis
Dental Calculus
Dental Plaque
Home Care Dental Devices
Structural Models
Self Care
Tooth
Hemorrhage

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Periodontics

これを引用

Effects of self-efficacy on oral health behaviours and gingival health in university students aged 18- or 19-years-old. / Mizutani, Shinsuke; Ekuni, Daisuke; Furuta, Michiko; Tomofuji, Takaaki; Irie, Koichiro; Azuma, Tetsuji; Kojima, Azusa; Nagase, Jun; Iwasaki, Yoshiaki; Morita, Manabu.

:: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 巻 39, 番号 9, 01.09.2012, p. 844-849.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Mizutani, Shinsuke ; Ekuni, Daisuke ; Furuta, Michiko ; Tomofuji, Takaaki ; Irie, Koichiro ; Azuma, Tetsuji ; Kojima, Azusa ; Nagase, Jun ; Iwasaki, Yoshiaki ; Morita, Manabu. / Effects of self-efficacy on oral health behaviours and gingival health in university students aged 18- or 19-years-old. :: Journal of Clinical Periodontology. 2012 ; 巻 39, 番号 9. pp. 844-849.
@article{901d23ae024d4657b3416dd9a14a5e6e,
title = "Effects of self-efficacy on oral health behaviours and gingival health in university students aged 18- or 19-years-old",
abstract = "Aim Although self-efficacy is known to affect various health-related practises, few studies have clearly examined how self-efficacy correlates with oral health behaviors or the oral health condition. We examined the relationship between gingivitis, oral health behaviors and self-efficacy in university students. Material & Methods A total of 2,111 students (1,197 males, 914 females) aged 18 and 19 years were examined. The degree of gingivitis was expressed as the percentage of bleeding on probing ({\%}BOP). Additional information was collected via a questionnaire regarding oral health behaviors (daily frequency of tooth-brushing, use of dental floss and regular check-up). Self-efficacy was assessed using the Self-Efficacy Scale for Self-care (SESS). Path analysis was used to test pathways from self-efficacy to oral health behaviors and {\%}BOP. Results In the final structural model, self-efficacies were related to each other, and they affected oral health behaviors. Good oral health behaviors reduced dental plaque and calculus, and lower levels of dental plaque and calculus resulted in lower {\%}BOP. Conclusion Higher self-efficacy correlated with better oral health behaviours and gingival health in university students. Improving self-efficacy may be beneficial for maintaining good gingival health in university students. To prevent gingivitis, the approach of enhancing self-efficacy in university students would be useful.",
author = "Shinsuke Mizutani and Daisuke Ekuni and Michiko Furuta and Takaaki Tomofuji and Koichiro Irie and Tetsuji Azuma and Azusa Kojima and Jun Nagase and Yoshiaki Iwasaki and Manabu Morita",
year = "2012",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/j.1600-051X.2012.01919.x",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "844--849",
journal = "Journal of Clinical Periodontology",
issn = "0303-6979",
publisher = "Blackwell Munksgaard",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of self-efficacy on oral health behaviours and gingival health in university students aged 18- or 19-years-old

AU - Mizutani, Shinsuke

AU - Ekuni, Daisuke

AU - Furuta, Michiko

AU - Tomofuji, Takaaki

AU - Irie, Koichiro

AU - Azuma, Tetsuji

AU - Kojima, Azusa

AU - Nagase, Jun

AU - Iwasaki, Yoshiaki

AU - Morita, Manabu

PY - 2012/9/1

Y1 - 2012/9/1

N2 - Aim Although self-efficacy is known to affect various health-related practises, few studies have clearly examined how self-efficacy correlates with oral health behaviors or the oral health condition. We examined the relationship between gingivitis, oral health behaviors and self-efficacy in university students. Material & Methods A total of 2,111 students (1,197 males, 914 females) aged 18 and 19 years were examined. The degree of gingivitis was expressed as the percentage of bleeding on probing (%BOP). Additional information was collected via a questionnaire regarding oral health behaviors (daily frequency of tooth-brushing, use of dental floss and regular check-up). Self-efficacy was assessed using the Self-Efficacy Scale for Self-care (SESS). Path analysis was used to test pathways from self-efficacy to oral health behaviors and %BOP. Results In the final structural model, self-efficacies were related to each other, and they affected oral health behaviors. Good oral health behaviors reduced dental plaque and calculus, and lower levels of dental plaque and calculus resulted in lower %BOP. Conclusion Higher self-efficacy correlated with better oral health behaviours and gingival health in university students. Improving self-efficacy may be beneficial for maintaining good gingival health in university students. To prevent gingivitis, the approach of enhancing self-efficacy in university students would be useful.

AB - Aim Although self-efficacy is known to affect various health-related practises, few studies have clearly examined how self-efficacy correlates with oral health behaviors or the oral health condition. We examined the relationship between gingivitis, oral health behaviors and self-efficacy in university students. Material & Methods A total of 2,111 students (1,197 males, 914 females) aged 18 and 19 years were examined. The degree of gingivitis was expressed as the percentage of bleeding on probing (%BOP). Additional information was collected via a questionnaire regarding oral health behaviors (daily frequency of tooth-brushing, use of dental floss and regular check-up). Self-efficacy was assessed using the Self-Efficacy Scale for Self-care (SESS). Path analysis was used to test pathways from self-efficacy to oral health behaviors and %BOP. Results In the final structural model, self-efficacies were related to each other, and they affected oral health behaviors. Good oral health behaviors reduced dental plaque and calculus, and lower levels of dental plaque and calculus resulted in lower %BOP. Conclusion Higher self-efficacy correlated with better oral health behaviours and gingival health in university students. Improving self-efficacy may be beneficial for maintaining good gingival health in university students. To prevent gingivitis, the approach of enhancing self-efficacy in university students would be useful.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84864664732&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84864664732&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2012.01919.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2012.01919.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 22780323

AN - SCOPUS:84864664732

VL - 39

SP - 844

EP - 849

JO - Journal of Clinical Periodontology

JF - Journal of Clinical Periodontology

SN - 0303-6979

IS - 9

ER -