Theoretical and experimental studies associated with electric field effects on the stability and transport are briefly surveyed. The effects of radial electric field on the suppression and/or enhancement of various microinstabilities such as drift waves, flute mode and temperature gradient modes are discussed. The suppression of flow shear on the electron temperature gradient mode in plasmas with slightly hollow density profiles is investigated by solving the gyrokinetic integral eigenvalue equation. Comparison between theoretical predictions and experimental observations based on the HIBP measurements with high temporal and spatial resolutions is made in bumpy tori and heliotron (CHS) devices.
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