Efficiency of a small-world brain network depends on consciousness level: A resting-state fMRI study

Taira Uehara, Takao Yamasaki, Tsuyoshi Okamoto, Takahiko Koike, Shigeyuki Kan, Satoru Miyauchi, Jun-Ichi Kira, Shozo Tobimatsu

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

88 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

It has been revealed that spontaneous coherent brain activity during rest, measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), self-organizes a small-world network by which the human brain could sustain higher communication efficiency across global brain regions with lower energy consumption. However, the state-dependent dynamics of the network, especially the dependency on the conscious state, remain poorly understood. In this study, we conducted simultaneous electroencephalographic recording with resting-state fMRI to explore whether functional network organization reflects differences in the conscious state between an awake state and stage 1 sleep. We then evaluated whole-brain functional network properties with fine spatial resolution (3781 regions of interest) using graph theoretical analysis. We found that the efficiency of the functional network evaluated by path length decreased not only at the global level, but also in several specific regions depending on the conscious state. Furthermore, almost two-thirds of nodes that showed a significant decrease in nodal efficiency during stage 1 sleep were categorized as the default-mode network. These results suggest that brain functional network organizations are dynamically optimized for a higher level of information integration in the fully conscious awake state, and that the default-mode network plays a pivotal role in information integration for maintaining conscious awareness.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)1529-1539
ページ数11
ジャーナルCerebral Cortex
24
6
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 6 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 認知神経科学
  • 細胞および分子神経科学

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