Efficient production of recombinant SARS-CoV-2 spike protein using the baculovirus-silkworm system

Ryosuke Fujita, Masato Hino, Takeru Ebihara, Takumi Nagasato, Akitsu Masuda, Jae Man Lee, Tsuguru Fujii, Hiroaki Mon, Kohei Kakino, Ryo Nagai, Miyu Tanaka, Yoshino Tonooka, Takato Moriyama, Takahiro Kusakabe

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

32 被引用数 (Scopus)


In the case of a new viral disease outbreak, an immediate development of virus detection kits and vaccines is required. For COVID-19, we established a rapid production procedure for SARS-CoV-2 spike protein (S protein) by using the baculovirus-silkworm expression system. The baculovirus vector-derived S proteins were successfully secreted to silkworm serum, whereas those formed insoluble structure in the larval fat body and the pupal cells. The ectodomain of S protein with the native sequence was cleaved by the host furin-protease, resulting in less recombinant protein production. The S protein modified in furin protease-target site was efficiently secreted to silkworm serum and was purified as oligomers, which showed immunoreactivity for anti-SARS-CoV-2 S2 antibody. By using the direct transfection of recombinant bacmid to silkworms, we achieved the efficient production of SARS-CoV-2 S protein as fetal bovine serum (FBS)-free system. The resultant purified S protein would be useful tools for the development of immunodetection kits, antigen for immunization for immunoglobulin production, and vaccines.

ジャーナルBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
出版ステータス出版済み - 8月 20 2020

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生物理学
  • 生化学
  • 分子生物学
  • 細胞生物学


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