(–)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG) is a bioactive polyphenol in green tea. Previous studies have demonstrated the beneficial effects of EGCG on muscle mass and muscle atrophy. In the current study, we investigated the mechanisms underlying effect of EGCG on muscle atrophy. It was demonstrated that EGCG suppressed muscle-specific ubiquitin ligase, muscle RING Finger 1 (MuRF1) expression through 67-kDa laminin receptor (67LR). Previous studies have shown that eriodictyol potentiates the anti-tumor activities of EGCG by amplifying 67LR signaling. Therefore, we investigated the effects of EGCG and eriodictyol on the MuRF1 expression in C2C12 myotubes. The combined treatment of EGCG and eriodictyol significantly suppressed MuRF1 expression in dexamethasone-treated C2C12 myotubes. Tail suspension was maintained for 10 consecutive days using C57BL6/J mice, and during this time EGCG and eriodictyol were orally administered. In the gastrocnemius muscle, the muscle mass loss was inhibited by the combination of EGCG and eriodictyol. Therefore, EGCG may prevent muscle atrophy by inducing 67LR signaling and eriodictyol amplifies this pathway.
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