The effects of γ-irradiation on a simulated nuclear waste glass were studied by electron spin resonance spectroscopy (ESR), and were compared with the results on silica glass and Pyrex glass. Three kinds of glasses were γ-irradiated up to the dose of 1.22 MGy and the ESR spectra were obtained. The intensity of ESR spectra were obtained as a function of irradiation dose and annealing temperature. The spectrum of the waste glass was characteristic of two typical peaks, Peak 1 was the strong resonance at g=4.3 showing the existence of four coordinated Fe3+ and Peak 2 was the weak and broad resonance at g=2.0 showing the existence of six coordinated Fe3+. The ESR spectra of the waste glass before and after γ-irradiation were almost overlapped and a little difference only in the intensity was observed. While in silaca glass and Pyrex glass, the peaks from E′γ center and boron-oxygen hole center (BOHC) were observed to arise after irradiation. The absolute intensity of Peaks 1 and 2 described above changed in complicated way depending on the dose. The result suggests oxidation or reduction of iron takes place in the waste glass depending on the dose. The isochronal annealing of irradiated glasses shows most of γ-ray-induced damages in the waste glass are restored even at room temperature, although most of the damages in silica glass and Pyrex glass are disappeared at the temperature from 550 to 600 K. The results show that the waste glass with a few weight percent of iron is resistent to radiation than other commercial glasses.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering