Background: Focal Purkinje ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) might originate from the vicinity of the proximal portion of the cardiac conducting system. This study aimed to clarify the features associated with focal Purkinje VAs originating from the proximal conduction system. Methods: A total of 18 patients with focal Purkinje VAs undergoing radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) were retrospectively examined and divided into the proximal type or the non-proximal type. The proximal type was defined as having the origin at the proximal half of the interventricular septum, or the proximal half and the septal side of the anterior wall. The 12-lead electrocardiogram and electrophysiological findings were investigated. Results: Seven patients met criteria for proximal type of focal Purkinje VA. Out of the 7, 4 patients with proximal VAs had multiple QRS morphologies of VAs clinically, whereas out of 11 patients with non-proximal VAs, only 1 had multiple morphologies (p =.047). VA QRS duration was shorter in the proximal type than in the non-proximal type (111.2 ± 19.8 ms vs. 135.7 ± 17.7 ms; p =.003). The absolute axis difference between sinus rhythm and VA was smaller in the proximal type (80.4 ± 46.1°vs. 138.8 ± 59.6°; p =.014). The absolute axis difference ≤134° was useful in distinguishing the two types. Recurrence of VA was recorded in 3 proximal type patients and 3 non-proximal type patients. No procedure-related conduction block was observed. Conclusion: A VA of absolute axis difference ≤134°, and multiple QRS morphologies of clinical VAs indicate a proximal origin. Focal Purkinje VAs from proximal origins can be suppressed by RFCA without severe conduction disturbance.
|ジャーナル||journal of arrhythmia|
|出版ステータス||印刷中 - 2022|
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