Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic or chronically relapsing, eczematous, severely pruritic skin disorder associated with skin barrier dysfunction. The lesional skin of AD exhibits T helper 2 (TH2)-deviated immune reactions. Interleukin-31 (IL-31), preferentially produced from TH2 cells, is a potent pruritogenic cytokine, and its systemic and local administration induces scratching behavior in rodents, dogs and monkeys. Recent clinical trials have revealed that administration of an anti-IL-31 receptor antibody significantly alleviates pruritus in patients with AD. In this review, we summarize recent topics related to IL-31 and its receptor with special references to atopic itch.
|ジャーナル||Allergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 1月 2018|
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