思春期・青年期の自閉スペクトラム症者における共感の特性:自己注視的・他者注視的認知過程に焦点を当てて

松﨑 泰, 川住 隆一, 田中 真理

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

抄録

People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) tend to have higher levels of discomfort (personal distress) while other people experience negative emotions. Further, personal distress is related to self-focused rather than other-focused cognitive processes. However, the characteristics of self-focused and other-focused cognitive processes among adolescents with ASD have not been clarified by previous research. The present study examined empathy in adolescents with ASD, focusing on their self-focused and other-focused cognitive processes. Fifteen adolescents with ASD and 577 typically developing adolescent males were presented with 3 pictures, of a person who felt fear, sad, and anger, and they were asked to express their thoughts (open response), and to evaluate whether their thoughts were self-focused or other-focused (choice response). The results showed no group differences in open responses; however, on the choice response task adolescents with ASD had a higher tendency to rate their thoughts as self-focused than did the typically developing adolescents, for the picture depicting fear. These findings suggest that people with ASD may have had many fearful experiences, which relates to excessively self-focused cognitive process when they perceive a person who feels fear.
寄稿の翻訳タイトルEmpathy in Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Self-focused and Other-focused Cognitive Processes
本文言語日本語
ページ(範囲)1-9
ページ数9
ジャーナル発達心理学研究
27
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2016

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「思春期・青年期の自閉スペクトラム症者における共感の特性:自己注視的・他者注視的認知過程に焦点を当てて」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

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