The gene encoding LysSTG2, an endolysin from Salmonella-lytic bacteriophage STG2, was cloned, overexpressed, and characterized. LysSTG2 consists of a single domain belonging to the Peptidase_M15 superfamily. LysSTG2 showed strong lytic activity against chloroform-treated S. Typhimurium cells after incubation at 4–50 °C for 30 min, at pH ranging from 7.0 to 11.0, and in the presence of NaCl from 0 to 300 mmol/L. It also showed lytic activity against all the 14 tested Gram-negative strains treated with chloroform, including Salmonella, E. coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, but not against the Gram-positive bacteria tested. In addition, LysSTG2 (100 μg/mL) reduced the viability of S. Typhimurium NBRC 12529 planktonic cells by 1.2 log and that of the biofilm cells after 1-h treatment. Sequential treatment of slightly acidic hypochlorous water (SAHW) containing 40 mg/L available chlorine and LysSTG2 (100 μg/mL) was effective on S. Typhimurium NBRC 12529 biofilm cells, removing more than 99% of biofilm cells. These results demonstrate that LysSTG2 alone can effectively kill S. Typhimurium cells after permeabilization treatment and successfully control S. Typhimurium in biofilms in combination with SAHW, suggesting that the combined use of LysSTG2 and SAHW might be a novel and promising method for combating S. Typhimurium in food industries.
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