Density-functional-theory calculational results on the reaction pathway for alkane hydroxylation by a compound I model of cytochrome P450 are discussed. Our calculations demonstrate that the transition state for the H-atom abstraction of ethane involves a linear (Fe)O···H···C array and that the resultant carbon radical is bound to the iron-hydroxo species. This comptational result is partly consistent with the oxygen rebound mechanism in that the direct H-atom abstraction by the iron-oxo species takes place in the initial stages of the reaction pathway. However, the iron-hydroxo species cannot be viewed as a stable reaction intermediate in view of the energy diagram. Our results may not be consistent with the model of a free radical species with a finite lifetime and barrier to displacement of the OH group from the iron center that is commonly assumed and typically stated for the oxygen rebound mechanism.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 化学 (全般)