A simple method was proposed for evaluating the influence of mean stress on the fatigue limit of a cracked specimen using engineering approximations. Three types of crack sizes were introduced for evaluation: an "extra small crack," a "small crack," and a "long crack". The threshold stress intensity factor range was shown for each size based on crack non-propagation behavior using physical foundations. The effect of mean stress on the fatigue limit of the cracked specimen was formulated, and fatigue tests were performed on a magnesium alloy to check the approximation errors, which were found to be almost within 10%. Furthermore, the small-long crack transition was characterized experimentally.
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