Ultrasonic fatigue tests were performed on notched specimens to investigate high and very high cycle fatigue behaviors in the laser shock peened region of a compressor blade titanium alloy (Ti–8Al–1Mo–1V). The plastic deformation and compressive residual stress, induced by the laser shock peening (LSP), present gradient distributions along the depth direction. High-angle grain boundaries (HAGB, >15°) are increased by deformation twins, which are introduced into primary α phases during the plastic deformation. The enhancement in fatigue resistance is ascribed to the comprehensive retardation effects of the compressive residual stress, high-density dislocations, and HAGBs.
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