LiNi0.5Mn0.3Co0.2O2can achieve high energy density due to its merits of high theoretical capacity and a relatively high operating voltage, but the LiNi0.5Mn0.3Co0.2O2battery suffers from capacity decay because of the unstable solid electrolyte interface on the cathode. Herein, we investigate the application of a fluorinated electrolyte composed of fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC) as a cosolvent and lithium difluorophosphate (LiPO2F2) as a salt-type additive extending the life span of the LiNi0.5Mn0.3Co0.2O2cathode. LiNi0.5Mn0.3Co0.2O2can achieve and maintain a capacity of 157.7 mA h g−1over 200 cycles at a 1C rate between 3.0 and 4.4 V, as well as a reversible capacity of 132.7 mA h g−1even at the high rate of 10C. The enhanced performance can be ascribed to the formation of the robust and protective fluorinated organic-inorganic film on the cathode, which derives from the FEC cosolvent and LiPO2F2additive and ensures facile lithium-ion transport. The synergistic effect of the cosolvent and additive to boost the electrochemical performance of LiNi0.5Mn0.3Co0.2O2cathode will pave a new pathway for high-voltage cathode materials.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 化学 (全般)