This chapter describes a novel top-down type extraction method of nano-cellulose using enzymatic hydrolysis of microcrystalline cellulose fibers com-prising two crystalline allomorphs of cellulose, Ia and Ib. In this method, the key issue was the selective removal of cellulose Ia phases by preferential hydrolysis of Trichoderma cellulase . This selective hydrolysis process provided short IR analyses revealed that the “nano-element” was highly crystalline, similar to the untreated microcrystalline cellulose, and mostly consisted of the Ip phase. The average length of the elements was ca. 350 nm, which corresponded to the value due to the degree of polymerization of 690 for b-glucan molecular chains obtained by size-exclusion chromatographic analysis. The close agreement indicates that individual molecular chains may be extended in the longitudinal direction of the obtained element. These characteristic nano-elements have the potential to play a role of nano-ordered particles and may be useful as fillers to enhance the mechanical properties of various materials.
|ホスト出版物のタイトル||Handbook of Polymer Nanocomposites. Processing, Performance and Application|
|ホスト出版物のサブタイトル||Volume C: Polymer Nanocomposites of Cellulose Nanoparticles|
|出版社||Springer Berlin Heidelberg|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 1 1 2015|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Materials Science(all)