To enhance a global critical current in a superconductor, it is indispensable to understand current limiting factors and their influence on such a critical current. From this point of view, we have investigated in-plane distribution of local critical current density and its electric field criterion in a thin-film superconductor by using scanning-Hall probe microscopy. In a remanent state, after the application of sufficiently high magnetic field to a sample, current flows at critical current density according to the critical state model. Such distribution of current density was estimated from that of measured magnetic field using the Biot-Savart law. Furthermore, the corresponding electric field criterion was evaluated from the relaxation of such remanent magnetic field by considering Faraday's law. This means that we could estimate in-plane distribution of local critical current density as a function of electric field criterion in a nondestructive manner. This characterization method would be very helpful for finding current limiting factors in a thin-film superconductor and their influence on its global current density versus electric field properties which would usually be obtained by four-probe method.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering