Evaluation of Wear Characteristics of Artificial Joint Materials in the Multi-Directional Pin-on-Plate Tester

Takanori Sawano, Teruo Murakami, Yoshinori Sawae, Takahiro Kadota

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

For the tribological evaluation of artificial joint materials, it is important that in vitro wear characteristics should correspond to the wear in vivo. As the first screening test of new materials, current simple test methods such as unidirectional pin-on-disk and reciprocating pin-on-plate tests are imperfect to simulate the physiological motion. Therefore, we developed a new type of multi-directional pin-on-plate tester to reflect the three-dimensional motion in human joint, In this tester, the friction path is controlled by the movement of pin specimen with the programmable data. Value of UHMWPE wear rate can be 1-5×10-7mm3/N·m for two arcs paths in this tester, while that is 1-5×10-8mm3/N·m in traditional tester which is significantly underestimated in comparison with clinical wear rate. The superiority of ceramics for wear rate to metallic materials was confirmed as indicated for clinical results. Additionally, it was shown that new type of mating materials can improve UHMWPE wear rate compared with traditional materials.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)1892-1899
ページ数8
ジャーナルNippon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C
69
7
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 7 2003
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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