Experimental evaluation of the heat output/input and coefficient of performance characteristics of a chemical heat pump in the heat upgrading cycle of CaCl2 hydration

Takehiro Esaki, Michitaka Yasuda, Noriyuki Kobayashi

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

13 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We herein evaluate the use of a chemical heat pump (CHP) for upgrading waste heat produced during the hydration of CaCl2. The reactor module employed was an aluminum plate-tube heat exchanger bearing corrugated fins, a porous Ni plate, and the CaCl2 sample in the form of a packed bed. The volumetric heat output and input characteristics of the reactor module were evaluated experimentally, the coefficient of performance (COP) was calculated for the heat upgrading cycle, and the hourly heat output for the system was determined. We found that the obtained waste heat could be upgraded from 100 to 155 °C, and the maximum volumetric heat output and input obtained were 380 and −280 kW·m−3, respectively. It was therefore apparent that a high performance reactor module could be obtained by reducing the heat and mass transfer resistances in the packed bed. In addition, using this reactor model, a coefficient of performance (COP) value of 0.48 was achieved for the heat upgrading cycle. Furthermore, upon switching the step time of the heat release and storage steps, an hourly heat output of 72 kW h·m−3 was achieved with a reaction fraction of 0.8. Our results therefore demonstrate that the use of our CHP system for upgrading waste heat would be expected to improve the energy efficiencies of industrial processes.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)365-374
ページ数10
ジャーナルEnergy Conversion and Management
150
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 10月 15 2017
外部発表はい

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 再生可能エネルギー、持続可能性、環境
  • 原子力エネルギーおよび原子力工学
  • 燃料技術
  • エネルギー工学および電力技術

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