Experimental investigation on self-leveling behavior in debris beds

Bin Zhang, Tetsushi Harada, Daisuke Hirahara, Tatsuya Matsumoto, Koji Morita, Kenji Fukuda, Hidemasa Yamano, Tohru Suzuki, Yoshiharu Tobita

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

42 被引用数 (Scopus)


During a hypothetical core-disruptive accident in a sodium-cooled fast breeder reactor, degraded core materials can form debris beds on the core-support structure and/or in the lower inlet plenum of the reactor vessel from rapid quenching and fragmentation of core material pool. Coolant boiling may lead ultimately to leveling of the debris bed that is crucial to the relocation of molten core and heat-removal capability of the debris bed. In the present study, we elected to use depressurization boiling to simulate an axially increasing void distribution in the debris bed. Bottom-heating boiling was also chosen to confirm that characteristics of the self-leveling process do not depend on the boiling mode. Particle size (between 0.5 and 6 mm), shape (spherical and non-spherical), bed volume (between 5 and 8 l) and density (namely of alumina, zirconia, lead and stainless steel) along with boiling intensity and total volume were taken as experimental parameters to obtain the general characteristics of the self-leveling process. A series of experiments with simulant materials were conducted and analyzed in detail. The good concordance of the transient processes obtained from the different boiling methods sufficiently demonstrates that the present results obtained using the depressurization boiling method exhibit these general self-leveling characteristics. Detailed comparisons of deduced time variations of the inclination angle provides qualitative tendencies based on the experimental parameters considered influential to self-leveling behavior. The rationale behind the definition introduced for equivalent power density is also presented.

ジャーナルNuclear Engineering and Design
出版ステータス出版済み - 1月 2011

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 核物理学および高エネルギー物理学
  • 原子力エネルギーおよび原子力工学
  • 材料科学(全般)
  • 安全性、リスク、信頼性、品質管理
  • 廃棄物管理と処理
  • 機械工学


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