Exposure risk assessment and evaluation of the best management practice for controlling pesticide runoff from paddy fields. Part 2

Model simulation for the herbicide pretilachlor

Thai Khanh Phong, Son Hong Vu, Satoru Ishihara, Kazuaki Hiramatsu, Hirozumi Watanabe

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

14 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

Background: Monitoring studies revealed high concentrations of pesticides in the drainage canal of paddy fields. It is important to have a way to predict these concentrations in different management scenarios as an assessment tool. A simulation model for predicting the pesticide concentration in a paddy block (PCPF-B) was evaluated and then used to assess the effect of water management practices for controlling pesticide runoff from paddy fields.Results: The PCPF-B model achieved an acceptable performance. The model was applied to a constrained probabilistic approach using the Monte Carlo technique to evaluate the best management practices for reducing runoff of pretilachlor into the canal. The probabilistic model predictions using actual data of pesticide use and hydrological data in the canal showed that the water holding period (WHP) and the excess water storage depth (EWSD) effectively reduced the loss and concentration of pretilachlor from paddy fields to the drainage canal. The WHP also reduced the timespan of pesticide exposure in the drainage canal.Conclusions: It is recommended that: (1) the WHP be applied for as long as possible, but for at least 7 days, depending on the pesticide and field conditions; (2) an EWSD greater than 2 cm be maintained to store substantial rainfall in order to prevent paddy runoff, especially during the WHP.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)70-76
ページ数7
ジャーナルPest Management Science
67
発行部数1
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 1 1 2011

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pretilachlor
best management practices
paddies
risk assessment
simulation models
runoff
pesticides
herbicides
drainage channels
canals (waterways)
water
hydrologic data
probabilistic models
water management
rain
prediction
monitoring

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Insect Science

これを引用

Exposure risk assessment and evaluation of the best management practice for controlling pesticide runoff from paddy fields. Part 2 : Model simulation for the herbicide pretilachlor. / Phong, Thai Khanh; Vu, Son Hong; Ishihara, Satoru; Hiramatsu, Kazuaki; Watanabe, Hirozumi.

:: Pest Management Science, 巻 67, 番号 1, 01.01.2011, p. 70-76.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

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