The present work deals with the development of new catalysts, transition metal phosphides, which have outstanding activity for hydrodeoxygenation of pyrolysis oil. The study is significant as it leads to the production of high-energy content liquid fuels. Pyrolysis of biomass is a thermal conversion process that produces liquid fuels and chemicals, and is a promising technology to compete with and eventually replace non-renewable fossil fuels. The model substrate 2-methyltetrahydrofuran is studied by kinetic and spectroscopic methods to uncover the important steps involved in the reaction. On the most active catalyst, Ni2P, the studies indicate that the rate-determining step involves a single Ni atom. In situ infrared measurements are used to identify adsorbed reactive intermediates during reaction and give support for the reaction mechanism. The studies are important because they allow understanding of reactivity at a nanoscale level and lead to the design of more active catalysts.
|ホスト出版物のタイトル||Technical Proceedings of the 2013 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Expo, NSTI-Nanotech 2013|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 8月 9 2013|
|イベント||Nanotechnology 2013: Advanced Materials, CNTs, Particles, Films and Composites - 2013 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Expo, NSTI-Nanotech 2013 - Washington, DC, 米国|
継続期間: 5月 12 2013 → 5月 16 2013
|その他||Nanotechnology 2013: Advanced Materials, CNTs, Particles, Films and Composites - 2013 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Expo, NSTI-Nanotech 2013|
|Period||5/12/13 → 5/16/13|
!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes