Fabrication of functional scaffolds is one of the main goals of tissue engineering, particularly scaffolds mimicking the native extracellular matrix (ECM) and stimulating a microenvironment that supports cell growth and function. In this study, a scaffold was developed using liver-derived ECM (L-ECM), gelatin, and polycaprolactone (PCL) by conventional electrospinning. This study aimed to improve the gelatin-PCL nanofiber blend by incorporating L-ECM. The morphology of the nanofibrous scaffold was investigated by scanning electron microscopy. Characterizations such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), tensile strength test, and water contact angle analysis revealed the favorable characteristics of the scaffold. Particularly, the FTIR spectra confirmed the presence of L-ECM, gelatin, and PCL, even after crosslinking treatment, while tensile strength analysis revealed suitable mechanical properties and water contact angle measurement showed the improved hydrophilic characteristics of the scaffold. The biocompatibility of the composite nanofibers was evaluated by in vitro culture of primary hepatocytes. Phase-contrast microscope images verified that the L-ECM nanofibers improved hepatocyte adhesion and facilitated the formation of a tissue-like structure. Moreover, high liver-specific functions were obtained in L-ECM nanofibers compared to gelatin/PCL nanofibers. Thus, L-ECM nanofibers can be used in tissue engineering, particularly in liver regeneration.
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