Facies and paleoecology of the late Ordovician (Caradoc-Ashgill) stromatoporoid bioherms of Tasmania, Australia

Akihiro Kano, Noriko Fujishiro

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

4 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Stromatoporoids, together with other sedentary organisms, form bioherms in the Ordovician Gordon Group which were deposited on a carbonate platform of the Western Tasmanian Terrane. The shallow marine carbonates of the older formations show monotonous lithofacies and biota. The variety of the lithofacies and the diversity of sedentary organisms increases in the younger formations which exhibit evidence of subaerial exposure (fissure fillings and mud-cracks). These phenomena partly reflect the tectonic history of the Western Tasmania Terrane, and probably indicate a general increase in amplitude of sea-level change during the late Ordovician (Caradoc-Ashgill). The biohenns are most frequent in the uppermost horizons (the Den Formation - late Caradoc to early Ashgill?), where the outcrops exhibit floatstone and bindstone fabrics. Stromatoporoids and corals construct generally small-scale (less than several meters in width and less than 1 m in height) binding structure. Based on growth forms, stromatoporoid genera are assigned to two morphotypes. Morphotype A generally shows laminar to low domical forms (low height/width ratio) exhibiting ragged margins and sediment inclusions within skeletons. In contrast, morphotype B consists of high domical growth forms (high height/width ratio) and lacks sediment inclusions. These differences in growth forms are interpreted to reflect different modes of biomineralization, together with environmental preferences of the individual organisms. Results of this study and previous publications, overall suggest a progressive development and diversification of biohermal biota in the middle to upper Ordovician of Tasmania. The scale and diversity of the Tasmanian bioherms are probably much smaller than the bioherms and reefs of the younger ages (Silurian and Devonian), and for stromatoporoids, the tendency of diversification is consistent with those of the other Ordovician sections. The Gordon Group provides useful information regarding the early evolutionary history of the Ordovician - Devonian reef-forming communities.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)65-84
ページ数20
ジャーナルFacies
37
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology
  • Stratigraphy
  • Palaeontology

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