Background: Double stapling technique (DST) is a physiological end-to-end anastomosis that is currently used widely in rectal surgery and also in sigmoidectomy. In laparoscopy-assisted sigmoidectomy, we occasionally encounter obstruction during insertion of the circular stapler device from the anus. In such cases, we used to cut the residual rectosigmoid colon additionally and to allow DST anastomosis. Here, we propose an alternative way to overcome this difficulty, that is to perform an anastomosis to the anterior wall of the rectosigmoid colon. Methods: Between 2001 and 2007, we experienced the cases of 10 sigmoid colon cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic surgeries with a conversion from DST to end to side (anterior wall) anastomosis. Results: None of the patients suffered from anastomosis leakage, and none had complained of their stool habits. Colonoscopy showed that anastomosis window is kept wide and that stool is not pooled in the blind pocket of the rectosigmoid colon, suggesting the passage is well preserved. Conclusion: Our experience indicates that though several technical points should be noted, an end to anterior wall anastomosis procedure is easy and safe. This method is a useful alternative way when end-to-end DST anastomosis is not performed smoothly in laparoscopic surgery.
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