TY - JOUR

T1 - Ferromagnetic-electrodes-induced Hall effect in topological Dirac semimetals

AU - Kobayashi, Koji

AU - Nomura, Kentaro

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 authors. Published by the American Physical Society.

PY - 2021/9

Y1 - 2021/9

N2 - We propose an unconventional type of Hall effect in a topological Dirac semimetal with ferromagnetic electrodes. The topological Dirac semimetal itself has time-reversal symmetry, whereas attached ferromagnetic electrodes break it, causing the large Hall response. This induced Hall effect is a characteristic of the helical surface/edge states that arise in topological materials such as topological Dirac semimetals or quantum spin Hall insulators. We compute the Hall conductance/resistance and the Hall angle by using a lattice model with four-terminal geometry. For topological Dirac semimetals with four electrodes, the induced Hall effect occurs whether the current electrodes or the voltage electrodes are ferromagnetic. When the spins in electrodes are almost fully polarized, the Hall angle becomes as large as that of quantum Hall states or ideal magnetic Weyl semimetals. We show the robustness of the induced Hall effect against impurities and also discuss the spin injection and spin decay problems. This Hall response can be used to detect whether the magnetizations of the two ferromagnetic electrodes are parallel or antiparallel.

AB - We propose an unconventional type of Hall effect in a topological Dirac semimetal with ferromagnetic electrodes. The topological Dirac semimetal itself has time-reversal symmetry, whereas attached ferromagnetic electrodes break it, causing the large Hall response. This induced Hall effect is a characteristic of the helical surface/edge states that arise in topological materials such as topological Dirac semimetals or quantum spin Hall insulators. We compute the Hall conductance/resistance and the Hall angle by using a lattice model with four-terminal geometry. For topological Dirac semimetals with four electrodes, the induced Hall effect occurs whether the current electrodes or the voltage electrodes are ferromagnetic. When the spins in electrodes are almost fully polarized, the Hall angle becomes as large as that of quantum Hall states or ideal magnetic Weyl semimetals. We show the robustness of the induced Hall effect against impurities and also discuss the spin injection and spin decay problems. This Hall response can be used to detect whether the magnetizations of the two ferromagnetic electrodes are parallel or antiparallel.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.3.033023

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.3.033023

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85112740585

SN - 2643-1564

VL - 3

JO - Physical Review Research

JF - Physical Review Research

IS - 3

M1 - 033023

ER -