Self-heating of coal mine goaf or shallow coal seams can release an outbreak of unimaginable pollution disaster under suitable circumstances. As an indicator gas, CO2 is always used to determine the coal spontaneous combustion state during the selfheating process. Based on this, the paper investigated the influence of abandoned coal mine goaf CO2 on the surface environment by measuring the CO2 concentration in the borehole connected to the goaf and CO2 flux on the soil surface. Furthermore, rainfall and atmospheric temperature effects are discussed to illustrate the correlation between the CO2 concentration and surface soil CO2 flux in the closed mine goaf. Subsequently, the tracer gas experimental method is employed to analyze the effect of air leakage from an openpit slope on CO2 flux. The experimental results demonstrated that the distribution of CO2 concentration in the borehole confirms the continuous diffusion of goaf CO2 onto the surface. The value ofCO2 flux in the goaf is significantly higher than that of a normal area. Temperature is one of the primary factors that affect the CO2 flux on the field. Air leakage from the slope promotes the surface soil-overlying goaf CO2 diffusion. The study provides important reference data for the assessment of the mining area field environment and the determination of the spontaneous combustion risk of the residual coal in the goaf.
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