Fission barrier of superheavy nuclei and persistence of shell effects at high spin: Cases of No 254 and Th 220

Greg Henning, T. L. Khoo, A. Lopez-Martens, D. Seweryniak, M. Alcorta, M. Asai, B. B. Back, P. F. Bertone, D. Boilley, M. P. Carpenter, C. J. Chiara, P. Chowdhury, B. Gall, P. T. Greenlees, G. Gürdal, K. Hauschild, A. Heinz, C. R. Hoffman, R. V.F. Janssens, A. V. KarpovB. P. Kay, F. G. Kondev, S. Lakshmi, T. Lauritsen, C. J. Lister, E. A. McCutchan, C. Nair, J. Piot, D. Potterveld, P. Reiter, A. M. Rogers, N. Rowley, S. Zhu

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We report on the first measurement of the fission barrier height in a heavy shell-stabilized nucleus. The fission barrier height of No254 is measured to be Bf=6.0±0.5 MeV at spin 15 and, by extrapolation, Bf=6.6±0.9 MeV at spin 0. This information is deduced from the measured distribution of entry points in the excitation energy versus spin plane. The same measurement is performed for Th220 and only a lower limit of the fission barrier height can be determined: Bf(I)>8 MeV. Comparisons with theoretical fission barriers test theories that predict properties of superheavy elements.

元の言語英語
記事番号262505
ジャーナルPhysical Review Letters
113
発行部数26
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 12 30 2014

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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