Flow transition within an evaporating binary mixture sessile drop

John R.E. Christy, Yoshinori Hamamoto, Khellil Sefiane

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

84 被引用数 (Scopus)


The flow field along the base of an evaporating ethanol-water droplet and its evolution time was measured by particle image velocimetry. Three stages are revealed, a first stage dominated by multiple vortices, a second transition stage characterized by a remarkable spike in outward flow not previously identified, and a third stage dominated by outward flow identical to that found for pure water. Stage I is thought to be driven by surface tension gradients arising from local concentration variation. The spike in outward flow is explained in terms of a transition corresponding to almost total depletion of ethanol. An exponential decay in vorticity during the transition stage is explained in terms of ethanol diffusion from the bulk to the interface. We speculate on the existence of a zero-concentration wave propagating from the apex to the contact line corresponding to the final total depletion of ethanol.

ジャーナルPhysical review letters
出版ステータス出版済み - 5 17 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 物理学および天文学(全般)


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