The effect of c-axis correlated pinning on the critical current density at low temperatures under high magnetic fields was investigated on the basis of the transport critical current density and irreversibility field properties of an ErBa 2Cu 3Oy film with inclined columnar defects. We found that the contribution of correlated pinning on J c decreased drastically with decreasing temperature under high magnetic fields above the matching field, but still retained more than a 60% enhancement at 13 K. These effects of correlated pinning can be described using a cooperative model based on a combination of correlated and random pinning. At low temperatures, the presence of a matching field limited the flux pinning force for correlated pinning in comparison with that of random pinning, while the ratio of the maximum pinning force of the correlated pinning to the random one was proportional to the inverse of the irreversibility field. This suggests that the low efficiency of correlated pinning at low temperatures under a strong magnetic field is a result of a high irreversibility field and a low matching field. In order to improve the critical current properties at low temperatures under high magnetic fields, an increase in the matching field and/or the introduction of strong random pinning are effective.
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