Epitaxial 3C-SiC (β-SiC) thin layers are grown on Si (001) substrates by carbonization in moderate-pressure microwave plasmas, typically used for diamond film deposition. The substrate temperature and the CH4 gas concentration diluted in H2 gas are varied from 1000 to 1200°C and from 2 to 8vol.%, respectively. The grown layers are characterized by scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, reflection high energy electron diffraction, and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. For 2% CH4, epitaxial 3C-SiC about 10nm thick is grown only when the temperature is increased to 1200°C, while polycrystalline 3C-SiC is grown for temperatures less than 1200°C. For 8% CH4, epitaxial 3C-SiC is grown even for temperatures less than 1200°C, but the thickness of the SiC layer is reduced. Some amounts of amorphous carbon and diamond phases are found to grow on the SiC layers.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry