Functional distinctions associated with the diversity of sex steroid hormone receptors ESR and AR

Yukiko Ogino, Saki Tohyama, Satomi Kohno, Kenji Toyota, Gen Yamada, Ryohei Yatsu, Tohru Kobayashi, Norihisa Tatarazako, Tomomi Sato, Hajime Matsubara, Anke Lange, Charles R. Tyler, Yoshinao Katsu, Taisen Iguchi, Shinichi Miyagawa

研究成果: Contribution to journalReview article査読

22 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Sex steroid hormones including estrogens and androgens play fundamental roles in regulating reproductive activities and they act through estrogen and androgen receptors (ESR and AR). These steroid receptors have evolved from a common ancestor in association with several gene duplications. In most vertebrates, this has resulted in two ESR subtypes (ESR1 and ESR2) and one AR, whereas in teleost fish there are at least three ESRs (ESR1, ESR2a and ESR2b) and two ARs (ARα and ARβ) due to a lineage-specific whole genome duplication. Functional distinctions have been suggested among these receptors, but to date their roles have only been characterized in a limited number of species. Sexual differentiation and the development of reproductive organs are indispensable for all animal species and in vertebrates these events depend on the action of sex steroid hormones. Here we review the recent progress in understanding of the functions of the ESRs and ARs in the development and expression of sexually dimorphic characteristics associated with steroid hormone signaling in vertebrates, with representative fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)38-46
ページ数9
ジャーナルJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
184
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 11 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 内分泌学、糖尿病および代謝内科学
  • 生化学
  • 分子医療
  • 分子生物学
  • 内分泌学
  • 臨床生化学
  • 細胞生物学

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