Gamma-Ray Transition-Edge Sensor Microcalorimeters on Solid Substrates

Naoko Iyomoto, Hisao Kawakami, Keisuke Maehata, Ikumi Yoshimine, Yuki Shuto, Kenichiro Nagayoshi, Kazuhisa Mitsuda, Shohei Ezaki, Akira Takano, Shota Yoshimoto, Kenji Ishibashi

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We develop transition-edge-sensor microcalorimeters for gamma-ray spectroscopy. To develop mechanically robust detectors, we fabricated devices with no membrane structure. We report results of three such devices, two with a Bi-absorber and the other with a Sn-absorber. The thickness and volume of each absorber are 1 mm and 0.5–0.6 mm3. We cooled the detectors and irradiated each with gamma rays from a Cs-137 source and observed two types of pulses: slow-rise and fast-rise. The slow-rise pulses are signals from gamma rays absorbed or Compton scattered in the absorbers and the fast-rise pulses are signals resulting from Compton scattering in the Si substrate. We selected the slow pulses to obtain energy spectra. The energy resolutions of the 662-keV photo peak for the Bi-absorber and Sn-absorber devices are, respectively, 4.1 and 7.5 keV, whereas their baseline energy resolutions are 3.2 and 2.6 keV. The degradation in energy resolution is mainly because of the fluctuation of bath temperature. The baseline energy resolutions are more than an order of magnitude worse than the design values. The poor resolution probably arises because of thermal noise from Compton events on the Si substrate.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)82-87
ページ数6
ジャーナルJournal of Low Temperature Physics
184
1-2
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 7月 1 2016

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 原子分子物理学および光学
  • 材料科学(全般)
  • 凝縮系物理学

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