Although the 13C-octanoic acid breath test (OBT) has been applied to diabetic patients for assessing gastric emptying, such studies are still limited. Gastric emptying was measured using solid meal containing 13C-octanoic acid in 52 patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus and 4 diabetic patients with mitochondrial DNA (mitDNA) 3243 mutation. Delayed gastric emptying was detected in 29% of patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus, and multiple regression analysis showed that gastric emptying was independently associated with gastrointestinal symptoms and cardiac autonomic neuropathy. Gastric emptying was not related to gastric dysrhythmia in cutaneous electrogastrography (EGG). Diabetic patients with mitDNA 3243 mutation showed delayed gastric emptying. Because the pathogenesis of delayed gastric emptying is multifactorial in diabetic patients, the recently developed OBT is useful for studying gastric emptying in various clinical settings of diabetic patients.
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