Gender differences in optimal listening levels and loudness perception

Mariko Hamamura, Manami Aono, Shin Ichiro Iwamiya

研究成果: Contribution to conferencePaper査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The experimental measurement of optimal listening levels for various sounds, such as music, has shown that male participants tend to adjust their optimal listening levels higher than their did female counterparts do. This gender difference for reproduced sounds might be affected by the gender difference in loudness perception. To examine gender differences in loudness perception, we conducted rating experiments of the loudness of various sounds. These experiments revealed that female participants assigned higher loudness scores than did males for the same sound. We also found that the difference in optimal loudness between male and female participants was approximately equal to their difference in optimal listening levels. To confirm the factors affecting the gender difference in loudness perception, rating experiments of loudness were conducted using an interval scale and a ratio scale. A gender difference was observed regardless of the range of sound pressure levels or the number of steps in the verbal interval scale. However, this difference was not clearly observed when a ratio scale, i.e., magnitude estimation, was used for evaluation of loudness. Gender differences in loudness judgments may actually reflect differences in the use of verbal expression rather than differences in perception of intensity.

本文言語英語
ページ6668-6678
ページ数11
出版ステータス出版済み - 8 21 2016
イベント45th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering: Towards a Quieter Future, INTER-NOISE 2016 - Hamburg, ドイツ
継続期間: 8 21 20168 24 2016

その他

その他45th International Congress and Exposition on Noise Control Engineering: Towards a Quieter Future, INTER-NOISE 2016
国/地域ドイツ
CityHamburg
Period8/21/168/24/16

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 音響学および超音波学

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